The Mauser — 15 Assorted Facts And Tidbits

Today we’re going to take a peek at Germany’s main battle rifle, the venerable Mauser — their mainstay through two world wars.

I can still remember the Mauser K98k that my step-grandfather sometimes showed me. He landed at Normandy several days after D-Day and had acquired the rifle, which had been captured from the Germans. The stock was a dark color and the metal, to the best of my memory, was mostly unfinished. At least the bolt was unfinished. He also had a bayonet that matched the rifle.

As a teenager, I looked upon that rifle with complete awe. It was from a monumental event in history—the most profound and important event in the 20th century. He told me that when Germans were about to be captured, they would often remove the bolt from their rifle and throw it as far as they could so that the allies could not use the rifles. He also related stories about how Germans were using wooden bullets because metals were in such short supply.

When he passed away, another family member snatched up that rifle and I never saw it again. I sometimes wonder where it is today. That was one special firearm, I’ll tell you, given its provenance.

Ever since then, I’ve always enjoyed seeing Mausers and learning about them. Let’s take a look at the history of the Mauser and some little-known facts.

German solider with Kar 98 at Utah Beach.
A German soldier at Utah Beach, 1944. (Photo: Gettysburg Museum of History)

1. Civilian Use

Mausers were not only used by the military. There was a strong following in the civilian sector as well. Many safari rifles used in Africa are modified Mausers, often with the original caliber being altered. This practice began in the late 19th century and into the 20th century. Both large and small game have been hunted with these rifles. Even today, the Mauser design is influential in rifle design, and still popular with hunters.

2. Lions & Tigers, Oh My!

The Mauser’s controlled-round feeding has made it popular with both military and civilian users. When hunting dangerous game, it is a very desirable feature. As soon as the round leaves the magazine, it is picked up by the extractor, which increases reliability. The three-lug design of the bolt also makes it very safe and unlikely to fail.

African lion
Controlled feeding is a good thing when you’re hunting dangerous game. (Photo: Wikimedia)

3. The Mauser is a collector’s item.

These days, surplus military Mausers are bringing premium prices and are highly sought after by collectors. A number of years ago, you could walk into a gun shop and find dozens of them on the racks for just above $100. These days, you can’t get close to one for that price.

Reenactor with Kar 98 Mauser.
The reenactor at the WWII Weekend in Reading, PA sports a mint condition Mauser 98k. These days, mint Mausers bring top dollar.

4. German Adoption

The Gewehr (Rifle) 98 (G98, Gew 98, M98), designed by Paul Mauser, was the main German service rifle from 1998 until 1935. It fires a 7.92x57mm round and is loaded via five-round stripper clips into an internal magazine. It weighs nine pounds and was 49.2 inches long. The barrel length is 29.1 inches long.

Cutaway version of the M98.
A cutaway version of the Gewehr 98 displays the inner workings of the rifle, which includes the internal magazine, which holds five rounds. (Photo: Waffenmuseum Suhl)

 

A Gewerh 98 of WWI era.
The Gewehr 98 was the workhorse of the German Army. Its length did not make it a good rifle for use in trenches. (NRA photo)
Germans charging from a trench with M98 rifles.
The M98 was the mainstay of the German Army through WWI. (Photo: Bundesarchiv)

5. Mauser Projectiles

The M98 Mauser used a 9.72×57 caliber bullet that weighed 227 grains and was a round-nosed FMJ profile. Velocity was 2,000 feet per second. Later on, this was changed to a 153-grain bullet with a spitzer profile. The velocity of this new round was 2,700 feet per second.

6. Baptism Of Fire

The first combat use of the Gewehr 98 was during the Boxer rebellion, which lasted from 1898 until 1901.

A Gewehr 98 straight bolt action.
The Gewehr 98’s straight bolt can be seen here, along with the 3-position safety at the rear of the bolt. (Photo: NRA)

7. Less Than Perfect

Interestingly, the minimum sight setting for the G98’s sights was 400 meters. This was often too far for the distances between trenches, which often tended to be well under 400 meters. The long length of this rifle also made it ungainly and awkward for close-quarter fighting, such as inside trenches.

Germans in gas masks.
The M98’s sights were set at a minimum of 400 yards, which was too far for most trench warfare. (Photo: Der Spiegel)

8. Big Numbers

When WWI began, Germany had nearly 2.3 million Gewehr 98 rifles. During the war, they managed to produced another seven million G98s. Production of the G98 was labor intensive and required a great deal of machine work.

A Gewerh 98 , left and right profile of the Mauser
The Gewehr 98 (M98) was the main rifle of the Germans for WWI. Seven million Mausers were produced during the war. (Swedish Army Museum Photo)

9. Sniper System

The Scharfschützen-Gewehr 98 (sniper rifle 98) was adopted in 1915 and featured a 4-x scope. The scope had to be mounted offset to the left to allow stripper clips to still be used for feeding the rifle. So that it could still be operated, the bolt handle had to be turned downward and a recess put into the stock to accommodate the bolt handle. Snipers made life in the trenches very hazardous, with soldiers on both sides unable to stick their heads above the trenches for fear of being shot.

German sniper team with Mauser, WWII.
In both world wars, the Mauser was used as a sniper rifle. During WWI, many rifles were equipped with civilian scopes because of a shortage of military scopes.

10. Non-Standard Sniper Systems

Throughout WWI, many sniper rifles were made using civilian optics due to military wartime shortages. Although the Germans attempted to standardize their sniper systems, it was not possible, hence the reliance on civilian scopes.

11. Conversions & Updates

Some G98s were used during WWII, but many were converted to the K98k configuration during that time period. Germany had millions of these rifles, and they weren’t about to let them go to waste.

12. The Karabiner 98k

A German K98k Mauser right and left profile
The K98k Mauser with laminated stock in 7.92x57mm. (Swedish Army Museum Photo)
A K98k bayonet.
The K98k bayonet used in WWII. (Photo: Bagnet wyjety z pochwy)

The Kar 98K (Karabiner 98K, K98k) Mauser began service in 1935, sporting a barrel length of 23.62 inches and an overall length of 43.7 inches. The weight is around 8.5 pounds. The caliber is 7.92x57mm. This rifle became the main rifle of the German military shortly before WWII, up to the end of WWII. Instead of the straight bolt handle of the Gewehr 98, the K98k featured a turned-down bolt handle, which made operation easier. Additionally, it facilitated mounting optics on the K98.

German solider in WWII aims his K98k Mauser .
The K98k was the main battle rifle for the German Army in WWII. It was shorter and lighter than the M98 Mauser.

13. Where’s the rest of the rod?

Each K98k was fitted with a section of cleaning rod that was fitted through the bayonet stud. Three of these rods would be joined together to form one full-length cleaning rod. Many current owners today are left scratching their heads, wondering why their cleaning rod is so short and not long enough to fit down the barrel of their 98k. Well, it takes three rifles to make one rod!

14. Mauser Stock Options

Laminated stocks were used in K98k rifles from 1937 onward, with the plywood laminate proving more durable than one-piece stocks. As an added bonus, laminated stocks were cheaper to manufacture and did not require a period to mature the wood. Walnut, Elm, and Beech were mostly used for the laminated stocks. A steel butt plate adorned all buttstocks.

 group of reenactors at the WWII Weekend in Reading, PA display their Mausers stacked behind them.
A group of reenactors at the WWII Weekend in Reading, PA display their Mausers stacked behind them.

15. Spreading The Wealth

Mausers were not only used by Germany but by a wide host of other countries as well. Spain, Chili, and Sweden produced their own versions of the Mauser 98. Most of Germany’s allies were equipped with Mauser rifles during WWII.

Jim Davis served in the PA Dept. of Corrections for 16 ½ years as a corrections officer in the State Correctional Institute at Graterford and later at SCI Phoenix. He served on the Corrections Emergency Response Team (CERT), several of those years as a sniper, and also the Fire Emergency Response Team (FERT). For 25 years, he was a professional instructor, teaching topics including Defensive Tactics, Riot Control and Tactical Operations, Immediate Responder, and cognitive programs as an adjunct instructor at the DOC Training Academy. He was then promoted to the title of corrections counselor, where he ran a caseload and facilitated cognitive therapy classes to inmates. His total service time was close to 29 years. He was involved in many violent encounters on duty, including incidents of fatalities.

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