Problems with Extended Magazines in Compact Guns & How to Fix Them
Most folks that are in the know regarding the defensive use of handguns recommend carrying a spare magazine in addition to your semiautomatic concealed carry handgun. There are plenty of reasons why this is the case. It is possible that more ammunition might be needed than what the handgun capacity offers. Also, a spare magazine is good to have as a backup in the case of a malfunction.
With the development of additional models of handguns in compact sizes, capacity has become an issue in the minds of many concealed carry holders. As a solid solution, some folks choose to carry a compact handgun and a full-size magazine as their spare. So, in that context, the full-size mag functions like an extended mag and can present some common problems if left unaddressed.
I recently attended a defensive handgun course as a student and one of my classmates had a Smith & Wesson M&P 9 Compact in his holster. The M&P 9C has a magazine capacity of 12 and is available in a flush fit or a model with a finger rest. Several of the magazines he was using during the course were M&P Full-Size mags with a capacity of 17.
It makes sense right?
Why not have an additional 5 rounds if you need to reload the gun because you are out of ammo, or reload the gun while dealing with a malfunction?
There is the rub. Literally. You see, it wasn’t long before the student started to have some malfunctions. I was observing how his gun was running and the malfunctions all seemed to be related to a sluggish slide not returning fully into battery. This is a problem I have seen before.
On the next break, with the permission of the instructor, I worked with the student to disassemble his pistol. There was a clear witness mark on the top of the ejector where it was making solid contact with the slide and wearing the metal. In a fully operational gun, the top of the ejector shouldn’t be in contact with the slide.
The cause was pretty simple.
When full-size magazines are inserted into the M&P Compact, the’re basically extended magazines and can potentially be over-inserted. If that happens, the notch in the body of the magazine bypasses the magazine catch in the grip of the pistol. If the notch does not catch on the magazine release, the magazine continues to next constriction which happens to be where the magazine lip meets the ejector.
Now if you imagine a reload in a self-defense-oriented course or in a real-life violent encounter, it’s easy to understand that the reload is probably going to be performed when the gun is at slide lock—and with vigor.
The fact that the reload happens at slide lock means that there is no support for the ejector, and the vigor adds a lot of force to that tiny piece of metal. Over time, or sometimes all at once, this leads to a broken or bent ejector which can induce malfunctions like we saw in the class (and I have seen it multiple times before and since). Or, it can lead to a gun that simply doesn’t work.
Broken guns are something to be avoided in both training and real-life self-defense situations.
This isn’t a knock on the Smith & Wesson M&P Pistols and their magazines. The problem exists with many different handguns. Most notably, the 1911. This pistol was the first place I observed the issue while reloading a single stack 1911 with a 10 round magazine. A reload at slide lock could result in problems.
The Smith & Wesson M&P Shield is another pistol that has a problem with over-insertion. The 9mm Shield comes with a flush-fitting 7 round magazine and an extended 8 round magazine. The 8 rounder is fitted with a sleeve or spacer that has an important purpose other than looking good. The sleeve prevents that extended magazine from being over inserted into the gun so it doesn’t bend or break the ejector. Unfortunately, the sleeve introduces some other issues which is why I developed the Shield MagFIX for the extended magazines for both the 9mm and to 40 S&W Shield.
I have been working with the Sig P320 quite a bit since the US Army adopted it as the new handgun for the XM17 Modular Handgun System contract. I really like the pistol, especially when I mount the full-size slide on top of a size small, compact grip, but, if I reload that combination with a full size P320 magazine instead of the 15 round compact mag, the same problem exists.
If you look at the images included in this post, you can see the witness marks where the ejector and magazine met violently. It is that impact that can result in the damage that disables your handgun.
It makes sense to mention that not all guns suffer from these issues with the over insertion of magazines. Most notably, extended Glock magazines can literally be used as a hammer while in the gun and there isn’t any worry of the mag sliding past the mag stop.
If you aren’t sure if your gun might experience issues or not, test it out. Firmly insert an empty mag into your handgun at slide lock and watch for contact with the ejector. If no contact occurs, remove the mag and increase the force. Also it is wise to keep an eye on your ejector. If you are using extended magazines watch for wear on the top of the ejector (there shouldn’t be any) and keep an eye out for malfunctions where the slide speed seems to be slowed.
What can be done to prevent over-insertion of extended magazines?
Luckily the answers are relatively simple.
Modify the gun.
The first solution that I was ever introduced to is the modification of your handgun so that the slide does not lock to the rear. Simply grind down the tab on the slide stop lever that is lifted by the magazine follower. That will keep the slide from locking to the rear when the gun is empty. This method makes it impossible to over insert the magazine as the slide itself (remember it doesn’t lock back, so it is forward on a reload) inhibits the extra magazine travel. I don’t find this to be an acceptable solution for defensive guns. Slide lock is an important indicator of the need to reload and eliminating that semi-auto feature seems foolhardy.
Use flush-fitting mags.
For most folks, the most obvious solution is to just resist the temptation to use extended magazines. Although the extra capacity is enticing, if that solution can break your gun when you need it most, it probably isn’t worth it. If you are convinced that you need the extra capacity, carry a higher capacity gun. Or…
Modify the magazines.
If your magazine is outfitted with an aftermarket sleeve, spacer, or baseplate that prevents the magazine from being over inserted, this can be an acceptable situation as long as that adaptation doesn’t introduce additional functional problems. You can purchase adapters to make sure your full-size magazine won’t over insert in your Smith & Wesson M&P Compact or in your Sig Sauer P320 Compact. Also, adapters for other pistols are available from X-Grip at GunMag Warehouse.
Increased flexibility and versatility comes when you have choices. It would seem that more choices are a good thing and in many ways they are. At the same time, if those choices lead to unforeseen problems, well, that is just no good at all.
Remember, if you are counting on your gun for defensive use, you have the responsibility to verify that your defensive handgun system works the way you think it does. After all, when you face a violent encounter you are the one who has to work through the situation. If you don’t, you’re also the one who has to deal with the consequences.
Paul Carlson, owner of Safety Solutions Academy, is a Professional Defensive Shooting Instructor. He has spent the past decade and a half studying how humans can perform more efficiently in violent confrontations and honing his skills as an instructor both in the classroom and on the range.
Through Safety Solutions Academy, Paul teaches a variety of Critical Defensive Skills courses in more than a dozen states annually. Courses range from Concealed Carry Classes to Advanced Critical Defensive Handgun Courses and include instruction for the defensive use of handguns, rifles and shotguns. Safety Solutions Academy regularly hosts other industry leading experts as guest instructors to make sure that SSA’s students have the opportunity for quality instruction across a broad range of Critical Defensive disciplines.